Key topics

In order to reduce new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths among men and boys in all their diversity and reduce HIV vulnerability a range of strategic efforts need to be targeted and intensified.

These include a range of HIV prevention and treatment, care and support measures that address gender norms as well as demand and supply side barriers to HIV-service provision and uptake.

Structural enablers

Improve access to health for men & boys and decrease vulnerability
Men’s low utilisation reflects a combination of cross-cutting factors all of which need to be addressed in order to improve male engagement in the health sector in general and HIV services in particular.
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Prevent HIV among men and boys in all their diversity
A strong primary prevention response should be made up of biomedical, behavioural and structural dimensions, closely integrated with HIV testing and treatment scale-up.
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Diagnose more men and boys living with HIV
Testing for HIV remains the critical step in getting linked into the HIV cascade of care. Understanding the local context is critically important to determine which are the best strategies to use and then implementing a strategic mix of HIV testing modalities.
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Treatment and adherence

Increase proportion of men and boys accessing and adhering to antiretroviral treatment (ART)
Linking men who test HIV-positive to care and enabling them to remain on treatment and achieve stable viral suppression is a major challenge. It is vital therefore to improving linkages to care, and once in care, supporting continued adherence to treatment.
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